You might find this quote from CS Peirce of interest.
“But what I mean by a ”science” (…) is the life devoted to the pursuit of truth according to the best known methods on the part of a group of men who understand one another’s ideas and works as no outsider can. It is not what they have already found out which makes their business a science; it is that they are pursuing a branch of truth according, I will not say, to the best methods, but according to the best methods that are known at the time. I do not call the solitary studies of a single man a science. It is only when a group of men, more or less in intercommunication, are aiding and stimulating one another by their understanding of a particular group of studies as outsiders cannot understand them, that I call their life a science.”
We used in this paper which has some history that also might be of interest. http://www.stat.columbia.edu/~gelman/research/unpublished/Amalgamating6.pdf